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The Oxford Handbook Of Transcranial Magnetic Simulation Edited by Eric Wassermann, Charles Epstein, and Ulf Ziemann -Oxford University Press 2008 (ISBN-13: 978-0198568926)

Since becoming commercially available in 1985, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has emerged as an important tool in several areas of neuroscience. Originally envisioned as a way to measure the responsiveness and conduction speed of neurons and synapses in the brain and spinal cord, TMS has also become an important tool for changing the activity of brain neurons and the functions they subserve and an important adjunct to brain imaging and mapping techniques. Along with transcranial electrical stimulation techniques, TMS has diffused far beyond the borders of clinical neurophysiology and into cognitive, perceptual, behavioural, and therapeutic investigation and attracted a highly diverse group of users and would-be users. The Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation provides an authoritative review of the scientific and technical background required to understand transcranial stimulation techniques and a wide-ranging survey of their burgeoning application in neurophysiology, perception, cognition, emotion, and clinical practice.

Efficacy and Safety of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Acute Treatment of Major Depression: A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial.

Efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depression: a multisite randomized controlled trial.   Abstract: We tested whether transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is effective and safe in the acute treatment of major depression. In a double-blind, multisite study, 301 medication-free patients with…

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Clinical Psychiatry Edited by Mark S. George and Robert H. Belmaker -American Psychiatric Publishing 2007 (ISBN-13: 978-1585621972)

As understanding evolves about how different brain regions are involved in carrying out everyday tasks—and in causing brain diseases when they go awry—this book describes a new technology that allows physicians to focally stimulate the brain in awake adults through a non-invasive procedure. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Clinical Psychiatry is an accessible and authoritative review of TMS, a procedure that is showing promise as a treatment in several disorders. Its authors explain how the procedure works, then the latest findings in a wide range of situations—notably in depression, but also in other conditions ranging from migraine to stroke recovery.

George, M.S., Nahas, Z., Kozel, F.A., Li, X., Denslow, S., Yamanaka, K., Mishory, A., Foust, M.J., Bohning, D.E. (2002) Mechanisms and State of the Art of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation The Journal of ECT 18(4):170–181

In 1985, Barker et al. built a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) device with enough power to stimulate dorsal roots in the spine. They quickly realized that this machine could likely also noninvasively stimulate the superficial cortex in humans. They waited a while before using their device over a human head, fearing that the TMS pulse might magnetically “erase the hard-drive” of the human brain. Almost 10 years later, in 1994, an editorial in this journal concerned whether TMS might evolve into a potential antidepressant treatment. In the intervening years, there has been an explosion of basic and clinical research with and about TMS. Studies are now uncovering the mechanisms by which TMS affects the brain. It does not “erase the hard-drive” of the brain, and it has many demonstrated research and clinical uses. This article reviews the major recent advances with this interesting noninvasive technique for stimulating the brain, critically reviewing the data on whether TMS has anticonvulsant effects or modulates cortical-limbic loops.